Metropolis: A Complete Guide


Written by Anna Jurman


Metropolis: A Complete Guide

1927 “Metropolis”: Summary and Analysis

Welcome to our blog post on the iconic film “Metropolis.” Directed by Fritz Lang and released in 1927, “Metropolis” is a groundbreaking masterpiece of German Expressionist cinema. Set in a dystopian future, the film delves into themes of class struggle, technology, and the human condition. In this blog post, we will provide a comprehensive summary of the film, exploring its plot, characters, and underlying messages. Additionally, we will delve into the historical and cultural context of the film, shedding light on its significance in the world of cinema and its lasting influence on science fiction and dystopian storytelling. Join us as we embark on a journey to unravel the layers of “Metropolis” and delve into its timeless themes and captivating visuals.


“Metropolis” is a science fiction film directed by Fritz Lang, released in 1927. It is considered a landmark in cinematic history and has had a significant influence on the science fiction genre and filmmaking techniques.

The film is set in a futuristic city where society is divided into two distinct classes: the wealthy ruling class, who live in luxurious high-rise buildings above ground, and the oppressed working class, who toil in the underground factories that power the city. The stark contrast between the opulence of the ruling class and the squalor of the workers forms the backdrop for the exploration of social inequality and the dehumanising effects of industrialisation.

At the time of its release, “Metropolis” reflected the concerns and anxieties surrounding rapid industrialisation, urbanisation, and the widening gap between social classes in the early 20th century. The film captures the fears and tensions of a society on the brink of modernity, grappling with the consequences of its own progress.

The visual design of “Metropolis” is striking, featuring monumental sets and innovative special effects for its time. The film’s depiction of the futuristic cityscape and its sprawling, towering buildings influenced the aesthetics of later science fiction films.

“Metropolis” is also known for its exploration of themes such as the dehumanisation of labor, the power of technology, the exploitation of workers, and the potential for social revolution. It raises questions about the role of technology in society and the ethical responsibilities of those in power.

The film’s enduring legacy lies in its visual storytelling, thought-provoking themes, and its reflection on the human condition within a rapidly changing world. It continues to be studied and admired for its cinematic achievements and its lasting impact on the science fiction genre.


“Metropolis” is a groundbreaking science fiction film directed by Fritz Lang, released in 1927. Set in a futuristic city, the film explores themes of social inequality, technological advancement, and the dehumanising effects of industrialisation.

The story revolves around the stark division between the ruling class, who live in luxurious high-rise buildings, and the oppressed working class who labor in the underground factories that power the city. The ruling class, led by the wealthy Joh Fredersen, exploit the labor of the workers, who toil endlessly in dangerous conditions. The working class is led by Maria, a compassionate and influential figure who seeks to bridge the gap between the classes.

Joh Fredersen’s son, Freder, becomes enamoured with Maria and is driven to uncover the injustices faced by the workers. Through a series of encounters and revelations, Freder discovers the dark secrets of the city’s ruling elite and the oppressive machinery that keeps the working class subjugated.

As the tension between the classes escalates, a sinister plot unfolds involving a robot doppelgänger of Maria, created by the mad scientist Rotwang. The robot is programmed to incite discord and chaos among the workers, ultimately leading to a catastrophic clash between the classes.

In the end, Freder, Maria, and the workers rise up against their oppressors in a struggle for justice and equality. The film highlights the power of unity and collective action in the face of social inequality and exploitation.

“Metropolis” is renowned for its visually stunning and imaginative depiction of a futuristic cityscape, characterised by towering skyscrapers and intricate sets. The film’s innovative special effects and visual storytelling techniques were groundbreaking for its time and continue to be influential in the science fiction genre.

With its grand themes, visually captivating imagery, and thought-provoking social commentary, “Metropolis” remains a landmark in cinematic history, exploring the timeless struggles of humanity against forces of power and oppression.

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