English Techniques: The Keys to 7-12 English Success!

Written by Anna Jurman


English Techniques: The Keys to 7-12 English Success!

What are English Techniques?

English techniques are so important for students in grades 7-12. They form the foundation for English in high school and are so important when analysing English texts. Our team has combined a list of the most popular English techniques.

What are English Techniques used?

Techniques help composers express themes more effectively. Generally, the more English techniques a text has, the more effective it is at communicating ideas. For example, popular novel, Nineteen Eighty Four which was written by George Orwell is remembered for the famous quote; “War is Peace; Freedom is Slavery; Ignorance is Strength.” This quote is a perfect example of Irony where the manipulation of truth becomes truth in literature.

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English Techniques for Poems

  1. Juxtaposition: The fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect. For example: different races, boy and girl, tall and short.
  2. Enjambment: Is incomplete syntax at the end of a line; the meaning runs over from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation. In other words, it’s when a stanza ends without a full stop and the poem continues on to the next.
Short Film Techniques | Success Tutoring

English Techniques for Short Stories

  1. Alteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. For example, Coca Cola, Donald Duck, Spongebob Squarepants, Pay Pal.
  2. Simile: Using ‘like’ or ‘as’. For example, She swims like a fish or He’s as hairy as a gorilla.
  3. Allegory: A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. For example, in George Orwell’s, novel, Animal Farm; animals run a society that divides into factions and mirrors the rise of Leon Trotsky and the Russian Revolution. The story can be read as a fable of farm animals running a society, or it can be interpreted as the author’s criticism of communism.
  4. Foreshadowing: A warning or indication of (a future event). For example, when an author uses dialogue, such as “I have a bad feeling about this”.
  5. Hyperbole: Are exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. For example, “There’s enough food in the cupboard to feed an entire army!”
  6. Personification: The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form. For example, Lightning danced across the sky.
  7. Cliché:
  8. Exclamation
  9. Rhetorical Question
  10. Imagery
  11. Intertextuality
  12. First Person
  13. Second Person
  14. Third Person
Short Story English Techniques | Human Experience | Success Tutoring

English Techniques for Images

  1. Contrast
  2. Close-up
  3. Medium-shot
  4. Background
  5. Foreground
  6. Mid ground
  7. Vector Lines
  8. Salience
  9. Symbolism
  10. Colour
  11. Framing
  12. Icon
English Techniques | Shakespeare | Success Tutoring

English Techniques for Short Films

  1. Panning
  2. Bird’s eye angle
  3. Lighting
  4. Costuming
  5. Dialogue
  6. Tone
  7. Body Language
  8. Facial Expression
  9. Transition

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